Dr. Marie Maynard Daly
Dr. Marie M. Daly is best known for being the first African American woman to receive a Ph. D. in chemistry in the United States. In her research, she found a strong correlation between high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels in the blood. This was a groundbreaking discovery in the early 1950s. This revelation served as a foundation for future research into the causes of atherosclerosis and other high blood pressure-related diseases.
Research of hers in the 1950s illustrated how protein production requires RNA. The study paper produced, “The role of ribonucleoprotein in protein synthesis”, was cited by Dr. James Watson who won the prize for Nobel Prize in 1962 for his DNA findings. He said it contributed to his work.
Giving back to her community, she started a scholarship fund to assist minority students majoring in physical sciences.